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Maps and Demography

Geography

CARTE_HAITI_CIAT

Area

27750 km2

Plain

25% of the area.

Hills

75 % of the area.

Cultivated lands

33%

Undeveloped lands

18%

Forest

5%

Water

0,7%

Hurricane season

June to October

Climate

Tropical (In general, the temperature varies from 16 º C in the mountains to 36 º C at sea level).

Demography

Population

10.02 millions (52% urban et 48% rural)

Growth rate

3.9%

Labor force :

58.3% of the population

Man: 56.8%

Woman: 43.2%

Density

363.46 people / km2

Life expectancy

62.17 years (2011*)

Fertility rate:

3.07 children/women (2011*)

Ethnic groups

95 % African ancestry and 5% European ancestry.

Human development index (HDI)

Rang :158th (out of 187 countries (2011)

Religion

Catholic, Protestant and Vodou.

Age structure:
0-14 years: 35.9% (male 1,748,677/female 1,742,199)
15-64 years: 60.1% (male 2,898,251/female 2,947,272)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 170,584/female 212,949) (2011 est.)
Median age:
Total: 21.4 Male: 21.1 Female: 21.6

Literacy

  • Literacy rate approximately:52%
  • Male: 54.8
  • Female: 51.2% (2003 est.)


Workforce

  • Median age 21.4 years (2011 est.)
  • Male: 21.1 years
  • Female: 21.6 years

Infrastructure

  • 1,900 km of coastline
  • 4,160 km of roadways
  • 2 international airports and 5 domestic airports
  • 157 international flights per week to Port-au-Prince
  • Access to 7 main ports: Port-au-Prince, Cap Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Puerto Plata (DR), Manzanillo (DR) and Santo Domingo (DR)

Source: Institut Haitien de Statistiques et d'Informatique (IHSI), Commission Interministérielle pour l'Aménagement du territoire (CIAT).